Natalya Artemenko (Russia)

Natalya Artemenko (Russia) - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Institute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University, Editor-in-Chief of the international journal Horizon. Phenomenological studies

Practicing self and / or "self-care": from the antique epimeleia heautou to the subject of trauma (Lecture)

Presentation language: Russian

What kind of "self-care" does philosophy from ancient times to the present day? It is, first of all, about the method of establishing relations with oneself, with one's own "I". But what does it mean: to enter into a relationship with oneself, to attend to one's own existence as one's own task? It would seem that the theme of "I" is simple, which is given to every sane person along with his birth. But modern man for the most part does not know who he is. The tension arising here manifests itself in a variety of forms and at different levels - from the problems of choosing life paths to the feeling of abandonment and the question of the meaning of life. In the situation of our time there are problems with personal identity, which were unknown throughout most of the history. In this lecture will be demonstrated how from the Platonic "self-care" through Augustinian thinking to the Cartesian method the very practice of subjectivation is formed, which led to the emergence of the concept of a self-identical subject in the 17th century, of which we are all the heirs. From the new European subject we will proceed further to the subject of trauma, conditionally - from Descartes to modern phenomenology. We will trace the history of the subject of the Modern from his birth to his death declared from the middle of the twentieth century. Rudolf Burnet, representative of the new post-phenomenology, says this: "to be a subject means to be the subject of loss of self-identity." What can the subject rely on in order to survive and answer at a time when the idea that he has formed about himself is collapsing, when he does not have enough words about what he has just experienced? We will try to answer this question by looking at the history of practicing ourselves in antiquity, in Hellenism, in Christianity, and, finally, in modern times.