(NEW) Gulnara Shalagina (Russia)


Gulnara Shalagina (Russia) - Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Kazan National Research Technological University.

Practical philosophy and philosophical practice: intersection paths in informal education (Interactive presentation in the TED style) 

Presentation language: Russian 

In postmodern society, the parameters of educational activity are changing. Intellectual culture is experiencing a takeoff associated with the dominance of the service sector, the interpretation of spirituality as a means of production, the demand for happiness as a resource state of the creator of intangible products, the precariatization of intellectuals, the liberalization of individual entrepreneurship, the transformation of professions, the demand for versatility, and innovative ideology. Alternative, non-institutional forms of socio-humanitarian knowledge are activated, which are interpreted as informal education. These are hybrid popular science, educational and entertainment forms, aesthetized scientific projects (philosophical festivals), philosophical schools of wisdom, trainings, self-development studios, ethical retreats and rational dojos, other phenomena that arose during the dedifferentiation of practical philosophy (ethics), psychological counseling, aesthetics and new religiosity. The conditions for the existence of these forms of humanitarian activity are "third places", new urban postmodern spaces: cafes, anticafe, coworkings, lofts, parks, squares, phenomena associated with post-industrial urban trends. The demand for creativity, charisma among small entrepreneurs, self-employed, artists, freelancers, whose success is associated with personal achievements, is great. A special sphere of spiritual production has formed with the leading role of ethics. The philosopher-practitioner offers a life methodology, principles, postulates, the possibility of an informed choice of a client, responsibility for a specific person and for humanity, treats a client as a conscious one with existential requests. Liberalization of the economy provides additional opportunities for the development of ethics and philosophical practice in the sector of informal education.

On the heuristic potential of academic philosophy for philosophical practice (in memory of Leon de Haas) (Presentation)

Philosophical practice is 1) work at the intersection of practical philosophy (ethics) and psychology, 2) direction in education (educational activities), 3) corporate consulting in organizations and sectors of the national economy. Postmodern dedifferentiation of cultural spheres blurs the boundaries of ethical, religious, psychological discourses, but philosophical practice has specific features in life-meaning orientation, education, and consulting. The presentation examines the heuristic potential of the academic branches of philosophy: ontology, social philosophy, history of philosophy, ethics. The author's thoughts were inspired by the lecture "Contemporary Socrates" delivered at the ICPP - 2020 online conference by Leon de Haas (1949 - 2020). The lecture by Leon de Haas demonstrated a combination of high academic level and philosophical practice, was a training in philosophical pluralism. The philosopher developed his fundamental knowledge of the history of philosophy in favor of philosophical practice, "reading" the practical orientation in the teachings that are habitually valued from the standpoint of ontology, the philosophy of science. Philosophical knowledge is based on the specific skill of panlogistic systems analysis of the aggregate ontological totality and the ability to draw up a holistic picture of the world, in which the essential interrelationships of dispersed, different-order areas of being are naturally highlighted. This approach presupposes the classical understanding of philosophy as a doctrine of the universal. A practicing philosopher realizes ontological sympathies, a systemic vision of the place and transient properties of each ontology. Social philosophy provides an understanding of the relevance of the social ideal of subjectivity. In the permanent social changes of "liquid modernity" (postmodernity), a non-identifying subject genesis is relevant. The history of philosophy (the core of academic philosophy) forms the professional identity of a practical philosopher. The main fruit of philosophy is ethics, its value has increased due to the demand for the moral and psychological capital of a participant in social production. Today philosophy is being washed out of formal education into the informal creative education industry. From June 1, 2021, in connection with the amendments on educational activities in the Russian Federation, the balance between the informal and academic spheres of humanitarian knowledge will change.