Svetlana Dinaburg (Russia)


Svetlana Dinaburg (Russia) - Senior Lecturer, Department of Philosophy and Law, Perm National Research Polytechnic University, body-oriented psychotherapist

Modern studies of trauma as applied to philosophical practice (Lecture) 

Presentation language: Russian

Today we are witnessing a meeting of phenomena that somehow influence events in the field of philosophical practice - the discourse of "self-care" and modern research on trauma. Trauma studies were recognized as one of the most dynamic sections of the humanities in the last decade of the 20th century. In recent years, they have become an important part of the intellectual landscape, not only due to obvious relevance, as well as integrative potential, but the ability to "reformat" old concepts and relationships. Thus, a clear distinction within the framework of the psychotherapeutic paradigm of the suffering of a neurotic and a normal person was problematized in an increasingly wider context, and the concept of trauma came to be understood not only as an event related to the individual psyche, but also as social phenomena of historical, cultural and collective trauma. Accordingly, if philosophers-practitioners, some time ago, consciously distanced themselves from any traumatic subject, outlining their area as "problems of an ordinary person", "deep needs", "existential crises / anxieties / perceptions" or "philosophical diseases that cannot be cured, but can only live through", then today no one can avoid being included in the context of injury and / or remain unaffected. It is believed that trauma studies continue the tradition of studying culture in the categories of "philosophy of insanity." At the extreme level, a person experiences traumatic consequences (from world disasters to everyday domestic violence) not only passively, but also consciously leaving the refuge of well-being and compassion for others. At the level of imperfection - closeness, lack of freedom and the pressure of social relations today produce an invariable traumatic state of things. Finally, at the level of inevitability, the initially traumatic nature of the culture (J. Lacan) or the principal trauma of the subject (R. Burnet) is conceptualized. Thereby, new tasks arise as aspects of modern "self-care": clarifying the concept of trauma, understanding the positive and negative aspects of normalizing trauma and developing methods for safe work with trauma.