Vyacheslav Kulikov (Russia)


Vyacheslav Kulikov (Russia) - candidate of medical sciences, psychiatrist, psychotherapist of existential-phenomenological direction (St. Petersburg).

Philosophical Aspects of "Long-Term" Psychotherapy: A Phenomenological Analysis of the Psychotherapist's I-Consciousness (Lecture)

Presentation language: Russian

Psychotherapeutic position is close to philosophical, and their similarity lies in the epistemological plane. This discourse is more characteristic for the subject-therapist of "long-term" psychotherapy than for representatives of "short-term" therapy. Due to the fact that the subject-therapist of "long-term" therapy is focused on the formation of a long-term relationship, his intention is motivated in the search for truth, where he is a "fellow traveler". We can say that such a therapist is in an experience of uncertainty and helps the patient withstand the anxiety of his existence, which intensifies when approaching the authenticity of his personal being. In turn, the therapist for short-term therapy is a carrier of certainty who has information about what needs to be done so that the problem is reduced. At the same time, the installation of a "long-term" perspective has another side in itself, namely, the consciousness of the subject-therapist explores his subjectivity. Thus, a peculiar philosophical practice of knowing the depths of oneself opens up before the therapist. Through an intuitive understanding of his personal being, the psychotherapist can phenomenological describe of his subjectivity. Moreover, this psychotherapeutic position is automatically transformed into the self-practice of enduring the tragic events of existence. From a phenomenological point of view, the intentionality of the consciousness of the subject-therapist is on the one hand in experiencing a tragic event, and on the other, it takes a transcendental position with respect to the empirical self. As a result, the transcendental self "does not allow" the empirical self to "lose itself" in the event of tragedy and due to This is preserved by the research attitude, which keeps the consciousness in contact with reality, revealing a different understanding of the tragic event.