Vyacheslav Kulikov (Russia)
Kulikov (Russia) - candidate of medical sciences, psychiatrist, psychotherapist
of existential-phenomenological direction (St. Petersburg).
Philosophical Aspects of "Long-Term" Psychotherapy: A Phenomenological Analysis of the Psychotherapist's I-Consciousness (Lecture)
Presentation language: Russian
position is close to philosophical, and their similarity lies in the
epistemological plane. This discourse is more characteristic for the
subject-therapist of "long-term" psychotherapy than for
representatives of "short-term" therapy. Due to the fact that the
subject-therapist of "long-term" therapy is focused on the formation of a
long-term relationship, his intention is motivated in the search for truth,
where he is a "fellow traveler". We can say that such a therapist is in an
experience of uncertainty and helps the patient withstand the anxiety of his
existence, which intensifies when approaching the authenticity of his personal
being. In turn, the therapist for short-term therapy is a carrier of certainty
who has information about what needs to be done so that the problem is reduced.
At the same time, the installation of a "long-term" perspective has another
side in itself, namely, the consciousness of the subject-therapist explores his
subjectivity. Thus, a peculiar philosophical practice of knowing the depths of oneself
opens up before the therapist. Through an intuitive understanding of his
personal being, the psychotherapist can phenomenological describe of his
subjectivity. Moreover, this psychotherapeutic position is automatically
transformed into the self-practice of enduring the tragic events of existence.
From a phenomenological point of view, the intentionality of the consciousness
of the subject-therapist is on the one hand in experiencing a tragic event, and
on the other, it takes a transcendental position with respect to the empirical
self. As a result, the transcendental self "does not allow" the
empirical self to "lose itself" in the event of tragedy and due to
This is preserved by the research attitude, which keeps the consciousness in
contact with reality, revealing a different understanding of the tragic event.